We need more duct tape to keep our heads from exploding.

In addition to the four memorial-donation webpages for Sandy Hook victims which were created one to three days BEFORE the massacre, here’s another pre-massacre document.

It’s a PDF document counseling parents and teachers across America how to talk to their children about the terrible shooting deaths of 20 children and 6 adults on the morning of December 14, 2012, in the Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut. The document, titled “Talking With Your Children/Students About the Sandy Hook Elementary Shooting,” is the work of an organization called Crisis Management Institute (CMI).

Based in Salem, Oregon, with just a P.O. Box address instead of a physical locale, Crisis Management Institute describes itself as follows:

“Our mission at CMI is to help schools prevent crisis for individuals as well as the whole school population, and to plan and prepare such that each small response mitigates the likelihood of a larger crisis growing out of the current situation. By providing solid foundational materials and cutting-edge online updates, we aim to give all schools a range of resources with which to face emerging challenges.”


Some of the “resources” CMI provides are short (1-2 pages) guides in PDF format posted on its website, such as “Talking With Your Children/Students About the Sandy Hook Elementary Shooting” (henceforth abbreviated as “Talking With…”) that you can read for yourself. You’ll see that the PDF document does not have a date for its creation. However, when a document is uploaded onto a website, it acquires an Uniform Resource Locater (URL), which is a specific character string that constitutes a reference to an Internet resource.

Think of the URL as the Internet address of a website, or of an article or picture within that website. Or in technical jargon, “Every URL consists of some of the following: the scheme name (commonly called protocol), followed by a colon, two slashes, then, depending on scheme, a server name (exp. http://ftp., http://www., smtp., etc.) followed by a dot (.) then a domain name, a port number, the path of the resource to be fetched or the program to be run, then and an optional fragment identifier.”

For example:

And so it is also with Crisis Management Institute’s online documents. Despite the absence of a date in CMI’s PDF document “Talking with…,” there are other ways to ascertain when “Talking With…” was uploaded to CMI’s website. That date is December 10, 2012, four days before the Sandy Hook massacre. Here’s the evidence:

1. Arlington Red Devils site

The Arlington Red Devils (ARD) is the website of the Arlington Local Schools in Ohio. According to an article on Investor Discussion Board, an alert Internet sleuth posting on the chat site, found a posting on ARD about CMI’s “Talking With…” guide, with a link to the PDF document. Here’s a screenshot the sleuth took of the ARD post. Pay special attention to the two yellow circles I’ve drawn on the top left and bottom right of the screenshot.

Arlington Red Devils

Inside the bottom right yellow circle I drew is the date when the sleuth accessed the Arlington Red Devils’ website: 1/10/2013 (January 10, 2013).

Inside the top yellow circle I drew is the URL of CMI’s “Talking With…” document with its date of 2012/12/10 (December 10, 2012), which is FOUR days before the Sandy Hook massacre:

CMI Talking with URL

Since Jan. 10, however, that Arlington Red Devils page has been scrubbed. If you go to, you get sent to this page ( that says “Error 404 – document not found”. Good thing the sleuth had taken a screen shot of the ARD page on January 10, 2013!

2. The URL for “Talking With…” on CMI’s Website

But we don’t have to rely on the now-scrubbed Arlington Red Devils webpage. We can go directly to Crisis Management Institute’s website for its PDF document “Talking With Your Children/Students About the Sandy Hook Elementary Shooting.” Click here for the document. If CMI scrubs it by the time you try to access the document, I’ve saved the document in FOTM’s media library. Click here: Talking-With-Your-Children-About-the-Sandy-Hook-Elementary-Shooting/

Look at the URL of the document. It shows a date of 2012/10. Here’s a screenshot I just took of CMI’s “Talking With,” showing the URL on top:

CMI Talking with

Notice the document’s URL on top, and in the bottom right, the date when I took the screen shot: 1/16/2013 (for January 16, 2013).

Here’s an enlargement of the URL for “Talking With…,” showing the 2012/10 date:

CMI Talking with

The Spanish language version of the same “Talking With…” document has an URL date of 2012/12 (for Dec. 12, 2012), which is two days before the Sandy Hook massacre.

One document or webpage bearing a pre-massacre date may be due to a computer glitch. But we now have at least FIVE cases (I know of a 6th, which will be posted tomorrow).

And so, we must now ask ourselves why Crisis Management Institute — like the people who put up the “R.I.P. Victoria Soto” Facebook page, the United Way “Sandy Hook Support Fund,” the Sandy Hook Elementary Victims’ Fund, or the Fundraiser for Families Involved in Tragic Newtown, CT Shootings somehow knew, days in advance, there would be a massacre in Sandy Hook Elementary School on December 14, 2012.

Oh, one more thing.

Crisis Management Institute’s director is a woman named Cheri Lovre.

Cheri LovreScreenshot of Cheri Lovre from a video she posted online, Dec. 16, 2012.

Cheri Lovre is an anti-gun gun-control advocate. Lovre posted an essay, “Talking About Gun Violence,” on a rabidly anti-gun site called Praying the Devil Back to Hell – HERE AND NOW!

This is below the website’s masthead:

Ban semi-automatic weapons and high capacity ammunition clips

pray the devil

And this is how the site describes itself:

We are people of faith, seeking to eliminate semi-automatic weapons and high capacity ammunition clips in our state, our nation, and around the world. After the Sandy Hook Elementary School massacre, December 14, 2012, it is time for us to say ENOUGH! There is no excuse for civilian possession of semi-automatic weapons or high capacity ammunition clips. Our children will not be safe at school, in a mall, or in a theater until we take these weapons out of circulation!

H/t Investor Discussion Board

Update (Jan. 17, 2013):

Since this post was published yesterday morning, we’ve received many reader comments, some of which by individuals more knowledgeable about computers and the Internet than I am. They point out that CMI’s “Talking With…” PDF document actually was created on December 14, 2012, but for some reason was uploaded to their October 2012 folder (thus, the 2012/10 in its URL). Other commenters maintain that still doesn’t explain why the Arlington Red Devils’ page on the CMI document indeed was published on December 10, 2012.

Most helpful, however, is a comment by reader Peter. He points out that “It is very simple to change the creation date of any document” and provides how that is done. More importantly, Peter states that “To me the most damming evidence is the fact that the google cache shows that there was once a file called ‘talking-with-your-child-about-the-sandy-hook-tragedy’ in the directory ‘[b]/news/2012/12/10/[/b]‘. There is no doubt that /2012/12/10/ means december 10th 2012. This directory structure is created automatically by wordpress when an authorized author creates a new piece of content such as the news item in question.”

Peter than counsels that a screenshot of the Google cache be taken, in order to preserve the evidence in the event Google erases it. So I went on the Google cache site and took this screenshot, which clearly shows the “Talking With” guide was published on December 10, 2012 — FOUR days before the Sandy Hook massacre:

Arlington Red Devils on CMI document

To conclude, I stand by my original assertion that Crisis Management Institute had created a PDF guide “Talking With Your Children/Students About the Sandy Hook Elementary Shooting” on December 10, 2012, four days before the Sandy Hook massacre took place.

In the meantime, here’s my post today on “Another Sandy Hook fundraiser that pre-dates the massacre.”

//////////////////////////////// on Jan. 8, 2013, reports that the fundraising site has a “Fundraiser for the Families Involved in the Tragic Newtown, CT Shootings.” The only problem is the events was dated December 10 2012, four days before the massacre. You can view the archived page here.


I can see how one mis-dated webpage might be due to a computer glitch or snafu, but FOUR?

H/t my pal Mark S. McGrew and FOTM’s Miss May.

There’s a 5th pre-massacre document that was uploaded onto the Internet 4 days before the massacre. See “Guide on how to talk to children about Sandy Hook pre-dated the massacre.”

Here’s a fifth pre-massacre fundraiser page: “Another Sandy Hook fundraiser that pre-dates the massacre.”


Professional crisis actors simulate mass casualty events

More than two weeks after the Sandy Hook school massacre, skepticism about the official version of what happened — that the killings were the work of a lone gunman, 20-year-old Adam Lanza — persists.

Unrefuted, eye witness reports of suspects being handcuffed by police and police audio of men wearing ski masks and a nun’s habit continue to fuel speculation that Sandy Hook was a “false flag” operation by the Obama regime for the purpose of gun control. Sen. Diane Feinstein’s (D-CA) proposed legislation to ban “assault weapons” including handguns, only adds credibility to the skeptics. Likewise, the spooky coincidences of Sandy Hook and the Aurora, CO massacres.

It is in the context of that skepticism that the odd behavior of Robbie Parker draws attention and raises questions. The father of 6-year-old Sandy Hook victim Emilie, Parker managed to make a split-second transition from laughing and joking to putting on a grim somber face, barely able to speak without breaking down in tears. His peculiar behavior has led radical skeptics to wonder if he, like other parents of Sandy Hook child victims, may actually be hired actors. The skeptics are symptomatic of just how profound Americans’ distrust of and alienation from government has become.

Ever heard of the Crisis Actors?

Located in Denver, Colorado, Crisis Actors describe themselves as “Trained Players and Actors Making it Real” by “Helping schools and first responders create realistic drills, full-scale exercises, high-fidelity simulations, and interactive 3D films.”

Here’s the Feature Story on the Crisis Actors website:

Active Shooter Crisis Actors Target Mall Shootings via Visionbox

DENVER, CO, October 31, 2012 — A new group of actors is now available nationwide for active shooter drills and mall shooting full-scale exercises, announced Visionbox, Denver’s leading professional actors studio.

Visionbox Crisis Actors are trained in criminal and victim behavior, and bring intense realism to simulated mass casualty incidents in public places.

The actors’ stage acting experience, ranging from Shakespeare to contemporary American theater, enables them to “stay in character” throughout an exercise, and improvise scenes of extreme stress while strictly following official exercise scenarios.

The actors regularly rehearse scenarios involving the Incident Command System and crisis communications, and appear in interactive training films produced in both 2D and stereoscopic 3D.

Producers Jennifer McCray Rincon and John Simmons formed the group to demonstrate emerging security technologies, help first responders visualize life-saving procedures, and assist trainers in delivering superior hands-on crisis response training.

For example, with a large shopping center, the producers review all security camera views and design dramatic scenes specifically for existing camera angles, robotic camera sweeps, and manually-controlled camera moves.

The producers then work with the trainers to create a “prompt book” for the actors so that key scenario developments can be triggered throughout the mall shooting simulation, and caught on tape.

The actors can play the part of the shooters, mall employees, shoppers in the mall, shoppers who continue to arrive at the mall, media reporters and others rushing to the mall, and persons in motor vehicles around the mall.

Visionbox Crisis Actors can also play the role of citizens calling 911 or mall management, or posting comments on social media websites.

During the exercise, the producers use two-way radio to co-direct the Crisis Actors team from the mall dispatch center and at actors’ locations.

Within this framework, the exercise can test the mall’s monitoring and communications systems, the mall’s safety plan including lockdown and evacuation procedures, the ability of first responders and the mall to coordinate an effective response, and their joint ability to respond to the media and information posted on the Internet.

Security camera footage is edited for after-action reports and future training.

For more information visit and

Visionbox is a project of the Colorado Nonprofit Development Center. Crisis Actors is a project of the Colorado Safety Task Force established by Colorado State Senator Steve King.

Nathan Bock
Amanda Brown
(720) 810-1641

In our age of Photoshop and Internet hoaxes, how do we tell the difference between professional crisis actors and the parents of real-life victims?

H/t my friend Mark S. McGrew

UPDATE (Jan. 3, 2013):

Thanks to a tip from FOTM reader “Em,” as of yesterday, the Crisis Actors website is no longer freely accessible. You must now “join” the organization to access the website or sign in with your Google or Yahoo! account.

I tried to join. In addition to my e-mail address and password, I was also asked “Do you have a certificate for any course completed at” — which suggests Crisis Actors is somehow connected to FEMA.

I answered “No” and kept getting this message “Please correctly answer “Do you have a certificate for any course completed at”.

Only when I answered “Yes” was I able to continue. My application to join is now “pending approval.”

Update (Jan. 7, 2013):

More evidence that Crisis Actors is strongly connected to two federal government agencies: FEMA and the Dept. of Homeland Security. Many references to both agencies are in a 73-page pdf document that Crisis Actors prepared for one of their courses on how to approach and behave on social media. The document is titled “IS-042 Social Media in Emergency Management: Course Summary and Handouts.”

You can read the document for yourself on the web or, if Crisis Actors takes down the document (which I fully anticipate they will), from Fellowship of the Minds’s library, “IS042_Social_Media”. (A big h/t to FOTM reader Nick!)

See also “Remarkable resemblance of Sandy Hook victims and professional crisis actors.


Another Sandy Hook fundraiser that pre-dates the massacre

In addition to the four memorial-donation webpages for Sandy Hook victims which were created one to three days before the massacre, and the Crisis Management Institute guide on how to talk to children about the massacre which also predated the massacre, here’s another pre-massacre webpage. is a free online fundraising site. This is how it describes itself: is a simple, FREE online platform created for people who want to fundraise for causes they care about. From medical expenses, to memorials and mission trips or even pet care — if it’s important to you it qualifies you to set up a free online fundraiser. We provide you with customizable personal fundraising webpages to help you spread your cause and raise support.

Good-hearted Cathy Canfield, a child therapist, set up a fundraiser on to help children in Newtown, CT, to cope with the terrible massacre of 20 first-grade students and 6 adults at the Sandy Hook Elementary School on Dec. 14, 2012.

Canfield’s fundraiser page on does not give a date for its inception, but Canfield referred to the Sandy Hook shootings as “yesterday’s tragedy” and that donation must be made ASAP because her “plan is to leave tomorrow (12.16.12)” for Newtown, CT. All of which suggests that she had created her fundraiser page on Dec. 15, 2012, a day after the Sandy Hook massacre. Indeed, the 20 donations she’s received, totaling at least $1360 (two donations are of unknown “hidden amount”), are all dated Dec. 16, 2012.

This is what her page on says:

Support Free Play Sessions to Connecticut Children


Beneficiary: Cathy Canfield

In response to yesterday’s tragedy, I plan to put my skills to work and provide some much needed help to the children affected by the Sandy Hook Shootings.

I practice child-centered play therapy, which I do because it has been proven to work time and again in a wide variety of situations, including trauma, at my private practice If a child sees me only once, during that time I can provide emotional relief that they may not otherwise experience right now.

In order to do so, i need your help with expenses. I have set my goal at $1500 to cover my expenses Because I am not going through another agency, this money goes directly towards helping.

The plan is to leave tomorrow (12.16.12), so donate what you can right now and tell your friends about it. And if somehow, I cannot raise enough money to go, I will refund any amount donated.

After having raised $1620 of her stated goal of $2000, Canfield closed down her fundraiser. Here’s a screenshot I just took of Canfield’s page (in case takes it down):

Canfield fundraiser

The only problem is this:

There’s an article by JesseW, a frequent blogger (therefore a staff member) of, about Cathy Canfield’s Sandy Hook fundraiser. But JesseW’s blog about Canfield’s fundraiser is dated December 14, 2012, 06:45. (More on the 06:45 time later.)

Here’s a screenshot I just took of JesseW’s blog (in case it is scrubbed from the site), followed by the article in its entirety (note that JesseW mistakenly gave the date for the Sandy Hook massacre as December 15, instead of December 14, 2012).


Holiday Fundraiser for Newtown Students

by JesseW 14. December 2012 06:45

Cathy Canfield Fundraiser

Generosity is a Gift That Keeps Giving

For the families in Newtown CT, this holiday season has been one that will be forever engrained with the tragedies that took place on December 15th, 2012. To help, many very generous people have gone well out of their way to express their care and support. Today we want to feature one of these generous and inspiring people, who is giving their best to support their fellow Americans.

Meet Cathy Canfield, Cathy is a child therapist from Alexandria, VA who is doing everything in her ability to help the children of Newtown. When Cathy heard about the tragedy that took place on Friday the 15th, she knew that she could help in some way. She wrote a small post on Facebook that mentioned her desire to drive to Newtown and put her skills to good use during this difficult time. After a bit of encouragement from some friends who saw the post, Cathy decided to create a free online fundraiser to help her secure the funds she needed. Not long after, and to much surprise she found that she had raised $2,100 with the help of her friends. Cathy then proceeded to contact the schools to find where her skills could be best put to use. Unfortunately, the only thing Cathy heard back was that there had already been so much help and support given to the town that they did not know if Cathy could even get an opening.

After hearing this news, Cathy decided that she would still try and help in any way possible. She contacted her donors and explained her situation, some requested their donation back and others gave it willingly to Cathy to be used as she saw fit. Cathy is now left with $1,000 which will go to the people of Newtown. You can visit her fundraising site, or start your own today on

The “free online fundraiser to help” to which JesseW refers is Cathy Canfield’s Sandy Hook fundraiser page on — a page that presumably was created on December 15, 2012, a day after the massacre. But why is it that JesseW’s blog about Canfield’s fundraiser has a date of “14. December 2012 06:45″?

To the alert reader who asks if the “14″ in “14. December 2012 06:45″ represents a sequential number assigned to JesseW’s blogs (as in the 14th blog posted by JesseW), I refer you to’s archived links to all of JesseW’s blogs, especially to page 4 showing a 4-day gap between her “31. December 2012 07:53″ blog, “6 Tips For Crowd-funding,” and her “27. December 2012 03:44″ blog, “Funeral Fundraiser For a Young Man Shot On Christmas Eve.”

In other words, the “14. December 2012 06:45″ of JesseW’s blog about Cathy Canfield’s Sandy Hook fundraiser on, refers to the date, month, year, and time when the article was published on

Not only is that a day BEFORE Canfield presumably had created her fundraiser on, there is still another problem with JesseW’s December 14 blog: its time-stamp of 06:45.

06:45 means 6:45 a.m. because runs on military time as proved by the timestamp on this post:’s IP server is in San Antonio,Texas. You can see that for yourself by going to IP

San Antonio, Texas is on Central Time — which means a time-stamp of 06:45 is 07:45 Eastern time, which is two full hours before Lanza allegedly shot his way into Sandy Hook Elementary School.

We are told that sometime before 9:30 a.m. EST on December 14, 2012, 20-year-old Adam Lanza fatally shot his mother with a .22 Marlin rifle at their Newtown home. Adam then drove his mother’s car to Sandy Hook Elementary School. At about 9:35 a.m., Adam shot his way through a locked glass door at the front of the school.

Wait. It gets better.’s server is running on GMT (Greenwich Mean Time), which means that JesseW’s blog’s time-stamp of 06:45 GMT is actually 01:45 EST, that is, a full seven hours before the massacre.

You can see for yourself that runs on GMT by going here (, then plug in’s IP (, which will show you that the server works on Greenwich Mean Time.

To conclude, a blog written by a staff member of, about a fundraiser for children affected by the Sandy Hook massacre, was posted onto the web on December 14, 2012 — SEVEN hours before the massacre took place.

H/t the brilliant FOTM reader Tony who alerted me to JesseW’s blog’s time-stamp, and patiently showed me how to verify the time-stamp.


3 hours after I published this post, a reader “David Burke” wrote a comment (scroll down to read it) alerting me to his blog, wherein he posted a screenshot he took of another blog by JesseW on “Fundraiser for the Families Involved in the Tragic Newtown, CT Shootings.” This blog has a date of 10 December 2012 08:56, FOUR days before the Sandy Hook massacre! Here’s the screenshot he took:





Hello Miss Lisa!
The articles below have been in over 900 websites, in 29 countries and translated into 9 languages. (that I know of) I am the first to inform the World that if Obama is not eligible to be the President, ALL of his orders, treaties, agreements and laws can be reneged on by future administrations and by foreign governments. EVERY government action, small or large, is a FRAUD under Obama. Also the first to inform the World that US military soldiers have a sworn duty to NOT obey his orders unless he can prove he is a Natural Born Citizen. One of the first to accuse Obama and the entire US Congress of Treason. One of these articles is a part of a lawsuit against Obama in the US Supreme Court. On Internet radio shows, I have interviewed several of the dozens of lawyers suing Obama. These articles are the absolute best investigative reports, backed up with links to prove everything I say. No person on Earth can prove me wrong. I ignored American Media and published my Obama articles in Russia’s Pravda Online News Service. Pravda deserves the credit for exposing Obama, not me. Due to the enormous amounts of American and foreign Internet bloggers, web sites, YouTube and other video newscasters, Breitbart, Internet radio shows and mass emailers we don’t need American Major Media anymore. Major Media preaches to their own private choir.”WE” are bigger than they are.
Feel free to email me if you have any questions or comments at:

Articles on Barry Soetoro aka Barack Obama
By Mark S. McGrew
Obama The Chicken – Pravda The first article in a series. Shows how the students at Joe Biden’s Alma Mater,the University of Delaware, elected a chicken for Home Coming Queen. Very similar campaign as Obama’s.
Obama Has NOT Been Elected President – Pravda The public had voted, but not the Electoral College. Major Media was screaming hysterically, “He Won!! He Won!!” before he won.
Barack, The Amazing Mr. Obama – Pravda No doubt about it. He is the Teflon Kid.
Obama Conspiracy Theory Nuts – Pravda Why “conspiracy nuts” question Obama’s eligibility.
The Mysterious Shadow Code Name Obama – Pravda His entire life story is manufactured.
Obama’s Hope For The World – Pravda Anarchy and chaos.
Obama Deceiver, Cheat, Swindler, Liar, Fraudster, Con Artist – Pravda Self explanatory. Proven here.
Barry Soetoro aka Barack Obama vs World Leaders – Pravda World leaders need to know that Obama is lying to them and setting them up.
Obama the only US president to be sued (part I) – Pravda An embarrasment to our Nation. Obama has spent nearly two million dollars on legal fees to stop people from learning who he is.
Obama the only US president to be sued (part II) – Pravda

Grand Jury: Indict Barry Soetoro aka Barack Obama (part I) – Pravda
Grand Jury: Indict Barry Soetoro aka Barack Obama (part II) – Pravda Several Citizen Grand Juries were set up and all recommended to indict Obama for Fraud and Treason. This article explains that Grand Jury is a function of the People and NOT a function of the government. Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia is quoted: “In fact, the whole theory of it’s foundation is that it belongs to no branch of the institutional Government, serving as a kind of buffer or referee between Government and the people. Although the Grand Jury normally operates, of course, in the courthouse and under judicial auspices, it’s institutional relationship with the Judicial branch has traditionally been, so to speak, at arm’s length. Judges direct involvement in the Grand Jury has generally been confined to the constitutive one of calling the Grand Jurors together and administering their oath of office”.
Obama On Trial With Columbia University Pastor James David Manning of Atlah Ministries in Harlem held a trial against Obama and Columbia University. Verdict: Guilty.
Obama’s Illegal Aliens vs Arizona’s SB 1070 Arizona’s law against illegal aliens is solid, despite what the MSM says.
American Military Officers Against Obama It is not just “We the People” suing Obama and demanding to know if he is eligible. From Generals on down, many military officers are Plaintiffs in lawsuits against Obama.
American Revolution: County Sheriffs vs. The Federal Government About the first Constitutional Sheriffs Convention in Las Vegas on January 29-31 2012
Obama The Chicken Is Being Plucked About the movement across the USA to have Obama removed from the ballot in 2012

Miscellaneous Articles
By Mark S. McGrew
America’s Future Lawyers Heyoka Interesting example of law students using bully and intimidation tactics instead of law books.
Immigration Fraud – Pravda Americans are suffering from illegal aliens and so are they.
The Nightmare Has Begun – Pravda The movement to rid our country of illegal aliens.
Raramuri A story of the Tarahumara Indians of the Sierra Madre, Chihuahua, Mexico
Governor Sarah Palin a different image – A bit different than how MSM portrays her
Wall Street Bailouts – Pravda The huge fraud against the American tax payer
CNN and MSNBC Sexual Degenerates and Liars Bringing filth into our homes. This is why I absolutley refuse to watch a televison for any purpose
Gino DiSimone – Constitutional Candidate For Governor Of Nevada A plug for Constitutional minded candidates
Dangers of Smoking Tobacco This shows health benefits of moderate tobacco use. Definitly not politically correct, but backed up by scientific studies.
American Oil Investments About investing in or buying oil properties in America.
America’s Intolerence To Immigrants Why we want them to get out. This article was read by a State legislator who passed it out to all of his colleagues. They went to work immediately to rid their State of illegal aliens.
Your Best Investment, Good Times or Bad A plug for oil deals.
The Price of Oil – Pravda What makes the price of oil go up or down? This explains it.
Mysteries Of The Universe Just a curiosity or two.
The Mirror and the Force How to conduct yourself in Mexico.
Manners In Mexico Proper manners in Mexico.
La Casa Family life in Mexico.
Apocalypto A review of an incredible work of art, Mel Gibson’s “Apocalypto”.
The American Election System Fraud everywhere. Federal, State, County, Local.
Basic Economics of Oil Well – Pravda Just exactly that.