July 14, 2012
The United Nations’ agenda for disarmament goes beyond the rhetoric the UN Arms Trade Treaty being debated in New York this month. The globalists want a total weapons ban– so they can kill innocents without opposition from the local populations. Crime rates soar wherever guns have been taken away– it is simple victim disarmament arithmetic. Look at all the uncovered martial law revelations: Troops have been trained to confiscate guns inside America (and it actually happened after Hurricane Katrina), while the politicians have been priming the nation to grudgingly accept new firearms restrictions.
See Aaron Dykes’ video analysis of the UN Arms Trade Treaty: Proof: UN Plans To Ban American Guns
Reason.com: Controlling Guns, Controlling People
A new history shows how gun control goes hand in hand with fear of black people—and The People.
Death by “Gun Control”
Mirrored from JPFO.org
Why must all decent non-violent people fight against “gun control”? Why is the right to keep and bear arms truly a fundamental individual right? You can find the answers in this new book.
People frequently ask why we are so dedicated to our cause? This book answers that question by collecting the key facts and arguments in one place.
People have asked us to present the whole JPFO argument in one place. We have done it. Available now in an easy-reading format and a handy size, the new book is entitled Death by Gun Control: The Human Cost of Victim Disarmament.
The message is simple: Disarmed people are neither free nor safe – they become the criminals’ prey and the tyrants’ playthings. When the civilians are defenseless and their government goes bad, however, thousands and millions of innocents die.
Professor R.J. Rummel, author of the monumental book Death by Government, said: “Concentrated political power is the most dangerous thing on earth.” For power to concentrate and become dangerous, the citizens must be disarmed.
What disarms the citizens? The idea of “gun control.” It’s the idea that only the government has the right to possess firearms, and that citizens have no unalienable right to use force to defend against aggression.
Death by Gun Control carefully examines the “gun control” idea: its meaning, its purposes, its effects. It comes in many forms, but in every form it enables the evildoers and works against righteous defense.
The Mother of All Stats: The Human Cost of “Gun Control” Ideas
Troops Ordered To Kill All Americans Who Do Not Turn In Guns
Addition – For easier chart printing, download the Genocide Chart PDF file, it includes a text synopsis of this page.
When the gun prohibitionists quote a statistic about how many people are killed by firearms misuse, the discussion sometimes bogs down into whose crime stats to believe and how to count crimes vs. the defensive firearm uses. Death by Gun Control works on a level that nobody can dispute: documented world history.
In the 20th Century:
Governments murdered four times as many civilians as were killed in all the international and domestic wars combined.
Governments murdered millions more people than were killed by common criminals.
How could governments kill so many people? The governments had the power – and the people, the victims, were unable to resist. The victims were unarmed.
Truth They Cannot Refute
Death by Gun Control delivers the essential – and gut wrenching — truth that the anti-self defense “gun control” advocates never try to refute. They simply cannot refute the facts or the formula.
Here’s the Formula: Hatred + Government + Disarmed Civilians = Genocide
What makes the argument so powerful? Two factors. First, it makes common sense: unarmed defenseless people have no hope against armed aggressors. Second, it states the historical truth: evil governments did wipe out 170,000,000 innocent non-military lives in the 20th Century alone.
Using the facts in Death by Gun Control, you can take down the enemies of the Bill of Rights. The rights-destroyers have no answers to these facts. They have no excuses for their killer ideas.
JPFO’s work has already borne fruit. John R. Bolton, an under-Secretary of State for the United States, this year urged the United Nations to recognize how an “oppressed non-state group defending itself from a genocidal government” will need ready access to firearms. Mr. Bolton might have been the first U.S. official in modern history to have argued to the UN that private citizens might need to be armed against their own killer governments.
Paul Harvey, the world-renowned and much admired radio commentator, last year reportedly broadcast the JPFO-produced facts linking “gun control” to the genocide of millions of unarmed civilians. Country by country, Mr. Harvey counted the murdered victims of civilian disarmament policies.
Our new book could inspire other opinion-makers to join the chorus. Chapters in the book teach about:
The essential meaning of “gun control”
The Genocide Formula
The laws and policies that led to mega murder in Cambodia, China, Nazi Germany, Guatemala, Rwanda, Ottoman Turkey, Uganda, USSR
Zimbabwe’s land invasions and firearms confiscations
Soaring crime in Britain after gun prohibition
Violence and police state polices in Japan
The right and duty of armed self-defense in Judaism and both Protestant and Catholic Christianity
Racist roots of “gun control” in America
The United Nations program to disarm civilians worldwide
Police state polices that condition Americans to accept victim disarmament.
Hurricane Katrina Door to Door Firearms Confiscation
- Soros Promotes UN Control Over Gun Ownership
- Catholic Church: Roll Back, Eliminate Private Gun Ownership
- China condemns U.S. gun ownership as human rights violation
- Infowars Issues Emergency Terror Alert
- Unannounced Verizon Emergency Alert Causes Panic In New Jersey
- Kansans to vote on gun ownership amendment
- Video: Emergency Alert – Stop the NEW Real ID – S.1261 – The PASS Act
- Where’s an Emergency Alert System for the Internet and the phone?
- Sprint Launches Soon To Be Mandatory Emergency Alert Messages
- Legislation Still Under the Radar Would Devastate U.S. Gun Ownership Rights
- NATO’s Depraved Disregard for Libyan Civilian Casualties
- The Tyranny of Emergency – Gun Rights Suspended…Again
DICK ACT of 1902… CAN’T BE REPEALED (GUN CONTROL FORBIDDEN) – Protection Against Tyrannical Government
Submitted by Jonathan on Sun, 03/29/2009 – 2:04pm.
The Dick Act of 1902 also known as the Efficiency of Militia Bill H.R. 11654, of June 28, 1902 invalidates all so-called gun-control laws. It also divides the militia into three distinct and separate entities.
The three classes H.R. 11654 provides for are the organized militia, henceforth known as the National Guard of the State, Territory and District of Columbia, the unorganized militia and the regular army.
The militia encompasses every able-bodied male between the ages of 18 and 45. All members of the unorganized militia have the absolute personal right and 2nd Amendment right to keep and bear arms of any type, and as many as they can afford to buy.
The Dick Act of 1902 cannot be repealed; to do so would violate bills of attainder and ex post facto laws which would be yet another gross violation of the U.S. Constitution and the Bill of Rights.
The President of the United States has zero authority without violating the Constitution to call the National Guard to serve outside of their State borders.
The National Guard Militia can only be required by the National Government for limited purposes specified in the Constitution (to uphold the laws of the Union; to suppress insurrection and repel invasion).
These are the only purposes for which the General Government can call upon the National Guard.
Attorney General Wickersham advised President Taft, “the Organized Militia (the National Guard) can not be employed for offensive warfare outside the limits of the United States.”
The Honorable William Gordon, in a speech to the House on Thursday, October 4, 1917, proved that the action of President Wilson in ordering the Organized Militia (the National Guard) to fight a war in Europe was so blatantly unconstitutional that he felt Wilson ought to have been impeached.
During the war with England an attempt was made by Congress to pass a bill authorizing the president to draft 100,000 men between the ages of 18 and 45 to invade enemy territory, Canada.
The bill was defeated in the House by Daniel Webster on the precise point that Congress had no such power over the militia as to authorize it to empower the President to draft them into the regular army and send them out of the country.
The fact is that the President has no constitutional right, under any circumstances, to draft men from the militia to fight outside the borders of the USA, and not even beyond the borders of their respective states.
Today, we have a constitutional LAW which still stands in waiting for the legislators to obey the Constitution which they swore an oath to uphold.
Charles Hughes of the American Bar Association (ABA) made a speech which is contained in the Appendix to Congressional Record, House, September 10, 1917, pages 6836-6840 which states:
“The militia, within the meaning of these provisions of the Constitution is distinct from the Army of the United States.” In these pages we also find a statement made by Daniel Webster, “that the great principle of the Constitution on that subject is that the militia is the militia of the States and of the General Government; and thus being the militia of the States, there is no part of the Constitution worded with greater care and with more scrupulous jealousy than that which grants and limits the power of Congress over it.”
“This limitation upon the power to raise and support armies clearly establishes the intent and purpose of the framers of the Constitution to limit the power to raise and maintain a standing army to voluntary enlistment, because if the unlimited power to draft and conscript was intended to be conferred, it would have been a useless and puerile thing to limit the use of money for that purpose.
Conscripted armies can be paid, but they are not required to be, and if it had been intended to confer the extraordinary power to draft the bodies of citizens and send them out of the country in direct conflict with the limitation upon the use of the militia imposed by the same section and article, certainly some restriction or limitation would have been imposed to restrain the unlimited use of such power.”
The Honorable William Gordon
Congressional Record, House, Page 640 – 1917
Re-Posted Nov. 3, 2009 – FourWinds10
Act of 1871
Act of 1871
1871, February 21: Congress Passes an Act to Provide a Government for
the District of Columbia, also known as the Act of 1871.
With no constitutional authority to do so, Congress creates a separate form of
government for the District of Columbia, a ten mile square parcel of land (see,
Acts of the Forty-first Congress,” Section 34, Session III, chapters 61 and 62).
The act — passed when the country was weakened and financially depleted in
the aftermath of the Civil War — was a strategic move by foreign interests
(international bankers) who were intent upon gaining a stranglehold on the
coffers and neck of America. Congress cut a deal with the international bankers
(specifically Rothschilds of London) to incur a DEBT to said bankers. Because
the bankers were not about to lend money to a floundering nation without
serious stipulations, they devised a way to get their foot in the door of the
The Act of 1871 formed a corporation called THE UNITED STATES. The
corporation, OWNED by foreign interests, moved in and shoved the original
Constitution into a dustbin. With the Act of 1871, the organic Constitution was
defaced — in effect vandalized and sabotage — when the title was capitalized
and the word “for” was changed to “of” in the title.
THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA is the constitution of
the incorporated UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. It operates in an economic
capacity and has been used to fool the People into thinking it governs the
Republic. It does is not! Capitalization is NOT insignificant when one is referring
to a legal document. This seemingly “minor” alteration has had a major impact
on every subsequent generation of Americans. What Congress did by passing
the Act of 1871 was create an entirely new document, a constitution for the
government of the District of Columbia, an INCORPORATED government. This
file:///C|/Documents%20and%20Settings/Byron%20Wine/Desktop/Act%20of%201871.htm (1 of 6) [8/21/2005 11:30:44 AM]
Act of 1871
newly altered Constitution was not intended to benefit the Republic. It benefits
only the corporation of the UNITED STATES OF AMERICA and operates entirely
outside the original (organic) Constitution.
Instead of having absolute and unalienable rights guaranteed under the organic
Constitution, we the people now have “relative” rights or privileges. One
example is the Sovereign’s right to travel, which has now been transformed
(under corporate government policy) into a “privilege” that requires citizens to
be licensed. (Passports) By passing the Act of 1871, Congress committed
TREASON against the People who were Sovereign under the grants and decrees
of the Declaration of Independence and the organic Constitution. [Information
courtesy of Lisa Guliani, http://www.babelmagazine.com. The Act of 1871 became the
FOUNDATION of all the treason since committed by government officials.]
Dove: The following is an expansion and further explanation of the above (an
adaptation of Lisa’s work, done with her permission), which you may want to
read for your own edification. Whereas my Chapter 9 is a time-map of the major
Headlines and Landmines of the 200-years-plus history of America, each
subsequent chapter goes into particular details. This section is from Chapter 18,
“The Tale of Two Governments, which overall addresses the difference between
a democracy and a republic as well as the fact of a federal government and a
shadow government practicing under the guise of The Corporation. I’m sure Lisa
won’t mind your using what you need in order to make whatever point you wish
to make in the moment. . . . C.
The United States Isn’t a Country; It’s a Corporation! In preparation for stealing
America, the puppets of Britain’s banking cabal had already created a second
government, a Shadow Government designed to manage what the common
herd believed was a democracy, but what really was an incorporated UNITED
STATES. Together this chimera, this two-headed monster, disallowed the
common herd all rights of sui juris. [you, in your sovereignty]
Congress, with no authority to do so, created a separate form of government for
the District of Columbia, a ten-mile square parcel of land. WHY and HOW did
they do so? First, Lisa Guliani of Babel Magazine, reminds us that the Civil War
was, in fact, “little more than a calculated front with fancy footwork by
backroom players.” Then she adds: “It was also a strategic maneuver by British
and European interests (international bankers) intent on gaining a stranglehold
on the coffers of America. And, because Congress knew our country was in dire
financial straits, certain members of Congress cut a deal with the international
bankers (in those days, the Rothschilds of London were dipping their fingers into
everyone’s pie). . . . . There you have the WHY, why members of Congress
permitted the international bankers to gain further control of America. . . . . .
“Then, by passing the Act of 1871, Congress formed a corporation known as
file:///C|/Documents%20and%20Settings/Byron%20Wine/Desktop/Act%20of%201871.htm (2 of 6) [8/21/2005 11:30:44 AM]
Act of 1871
THE UNITED STATES. This corporation, owned by foreign interests, shoved the
organic version of the Constitution aside by changing the word ‘for’ to ‘of’ in the
title. Let me explain: the original Constitution drafted by the Founding Fathers
read: ‘The Constitution for the united states of America.’ [note that neither the
words 'united' nor 'states' began with capital letters] But the CONSTITUTION OF
THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA’ is a corporate constitution, which is
absolutely NOT the same document you think it is. First of all, it ended all our
rights of sovereignty [sui juris]. So you now have the HOW, how the
international bankers got their hands on THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.”
To fully understand how our rights of sovereignty were ended, you must know
the full meaning of sovereign: “Chief or highest, supreme power, superior in
position to all others; independent of and unlimited by others; possessing or
entitled to; original and independent authority or jurisdiction.” (Webster).
In short, our government, which was created by and for us as sovereigns — free
citizens deemed to have the highest authority in the land – was stolen from us,
along with our rights. Keep in mind that, according to the original Constitution,
only We the People are sovereign. Government is not sovereign. The Declaration
of Independence say, “…government is subject to the consent of the governed.”
That’s us — the sovereigns. When did you last feet like a sovereign? As Lisa
“It doesn’t take a rocket scientist or a constitutional historian to figure out that
the U.S. Government has NOT been subject to the consent of the governed
since long before you or I were born. Rather, the governed are subject to the
whim and greed of the corporation, which has stretched its tentacles beyond the
ten-mile-square parcel of land known as the District of Columbia. In fact, it has
invaded every state of the Republic. Mind you, the corporation has NO
jurisdiction beyond the District of Columbia. You just think it does. “You see,
you are ‘presumed’ to know the law, which is very weird since We the People
are taught NOTHING about the law in school. We memorize obscure facts and
phrases here and there, like the Preamble, which says, ‘We the
People…establish this Constitution for the United States of America.’ But our
teachers only gloss over the Bill of Rights. Our schools (controlled by the
corporate government) don’t delve into the Constitution at depth. After all, the
corporation was established to indoctrinate and ‘dumb-down’ the masses, not to
teach anything of value or importance. Certainly, no one mentioned that
America was sold-out to foreign interests, that we were beneficiaries of the debt
incurred by Congress, or that we were in debt to the international bankers. Yet,
for generations, Americans have had the bulk of their earnings confiscated to
pay a massive debt that they did not incur. There’s an endless stream of things
the People aren’t told. And, now that you are being told, how do you feel about
being made the recipient of a debt without your knowledge or consent? “After
passage of the Act of 1871 Congress set a series of subtle and overt deceptions
into motion, deceptions in the form of decisions that were meant to sell us down
the river. Over time, the Republic took it on the chin until it was knocked down
and counted out by a technical KO [knock out]. With the surrender of the
people’s gold in 1933, the ‘common herd’ was handed over to illegitimate law.
file:///C|/Documents%20and%20Settings/Byron%20Wine/Desktop/Act%20of%201871.htm (3 of 6) [8/21/2005 11:30:44 AM]
Act of 1871
(I’ll bet you weren’t taught THAT in school.)
“Our corporate form of governance is based on Roman Civil Law and Admiralty,
or Maritime, Law, which is also known as the ‘Divine Right of Kings’ and the
‘Law of the Seas’ — another fact of American history not taught in our schools.
Actually, Roman Civil Law was fully established in the colonies before our nation
began, and then became managed by private international law. In other words,
the government — the government created for the District of Columbia via the
Act of 1871 – operates solely under Private International Law, not Common
Law, which was the foundation of our Constitutional Republic. “This fact has
impacted all Americans in concrete ways. For instance, although Private
International Law is technically only applicable within the District of Columbia,
and NOT in the other states of the Union, the arms of the Corporation of the
UNITED STATES are called ‘departments’ — i.e., the Justice Department, the
Treasury Department. And those departments affect everyone, no matter where
(in what state) they live. Guess what? Each department belongs to the
corporation — to the UNITED STATES.
“Refer to any UNITED STATES CODE (USC). Note the capitalization; this is
evidence of a corporation, not a Republic. For example, In Title 28 3002 (15)
(A) (B) (C), it is unequivocally stated that the UNITED STATES is a corporation.
Translation: the corporation is NOT a separate and distinct entity; it is not
disconnected from the government; it IS the government — your government.
This is extremely important! I refer to it as the ‘corporate EMPIRE of the UNITED
STATES,’ which operates under Roman Civil Law outside the original
Constitution. How do you like being ruled by a corporation? You say you’ll ask
your Congressperson about this? HA!! “Congress is fully aware of this deception.
So it’s time that you, too, become aware of the deception. What this great
deception means is that the members of Congress do NOT work for us, for you
and me. They work for the Corporation, for the UNITED STATES. No wonder we
can’t get them to do anything on our behalf, or meet or demands, or answer our
“Technically, legally, or any other way you want to look at the matter, the
corporate government of the UNITED STATES has no jurisdiction or authority in
ANY State of the Union (the Republic) beyond the District of Columbia. Let that
tidbit sink in, then ask yourself, could this deception have occurred without full
knowledge and complicity of the Congress? Do you think it happened by
accident? If you do, you’re deceiving yourself.
“There are no accidents, no coincidences. Face the facts and confront the truth.
Remember, you are presumed to know the law. THEY know you don’t know the
law or, for that matter, your history. Why? Because no concerted effort was
ever made to teach or otherwise inform you. As a Sovereign, you are entitled to
full disclosure of all facts. As a slave, you are entitled to nothing other than
what the corporation decides to ‘give’ you.
“Remember also that ‘Ignorance of the law is no excuse.’ It’s your responsibility
and obligation to learn the law and know how it applies to you. No wonder the
file:///C|/Documents%20and%20Settings/Byron%20Wine/Desktop/Act%20of%201871.htm (4 of 6) [8/21/2005 11:30:44 AM]
Act of 1871
corporation counted on the fact that most people are too indifferent,
unconcerned, distracted, or lazy to learn what they need to know to survive
within the system. We have been conditioned to let the government do our
thinking for us. Now’s the time to turn that around if we intend to help save our
Republic and ourselves — before it’s too late.
“As an instrument of the international bankers, the UNITED STATES owns you
from birth to death. It also holds ownership of all your assets, of your property,
even of your children. Think long and hard about all the bills taxes, fines, and
licenses you have paid for or purchased. Yes, they had you by the pockets. If
you don’t believe it, read the 14th Amendment. See how ‘free’ you really are.
Ignorance of the facts led to your silence. Silence is construed as consent;
consent to be beneficiaries of a debt you did not incur. As a Sovereign People
we have been deceived for hundreds of years; we think we are free, but in truth
we are servants of the corporation.
“Congress committed treason against the People in 1871. Honest men could
have corrected the fraud and treason. But apparently there weren’t enough
honest men to counteract the lust for money and power. We lost more freedom
than we will ever know, thanks to corporate infiltration of our so-called
‘government.’ “Do you think that any soldier who died in any of our many wars
would have fought if he or she had known the truth? Do you think one person
would have laid down his/her life for a corporation? How long will we remain
silent? How long will we perpetuate the MYTH that we are free? When will we
stand together as One Sovereign People? When will we take back what has been
as stolen from the us?
“If the People of America had known to what extent their trust was betrayed,
how long would it have taken for a real revolution to occur? What we now need
is a Revolution in THOUGHT. We need to change our thinking, then we can
change our world. Our children deserve their rightful legacy — the liberty our
ancestors fought to preserve, the legacy of a Sovereign and Fully Free People.”
[Posted 8/27/02, http://www.babelmagazine.com/
Wisdom And Freedom produced by WORLD NEWSSTAND
Copyright © 2003. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
page image by Windy’s Design Studio
file:///C|/Documents%20and%20Settings/Byron%20Wine/Desktop/Act%20of%201871.htm (5 of 6) [8/21/2005 11:30:44 AM]
Act of 1871
file:///C|/Documents%20and%20Settings/Byron%20Wine/Desktop/Act%20of%201871.htm (6 of 6) [8/21/2005 11:30:44 AM]
The District of Columbia Organic Act of 1871 aka “An Act to provide a Government for the District of Columbia (41st Congress, 3d Sess., ch. 62, 16 Stat. 419, enacted 1871-02-21) is an Act of Congress, which revoked the individual charters of the City of Washington, the City of Georgetown, and the County of Washington and created a new city government for the entire District of Columbia. The legislation effectively merged what had been separate municipalities within the federal territory into a single entity. It is for this reason that the city, while legally named the District of Columbia, is still commonly known as Washington, D.C. However, this act was abolished in 1874, and while the name did not change, the territorial Governor was replaced with a three-member Board of Commissioners appointed by the President. This system existed until 1974 when the District of Columbia Home Rule Act allowed for District residents to elect their own mayor.
Below is the text of the bill:
Continue reading the bill:
The Largest Natural Disaster In U.S. History: The Endless Drought Of 2012 Will Bake America Well Into August
The American Dream
July 16, 2012
Why is the heartland of the United States experiencing such a horrific drought right now? At the moment, approximately 61 percent of the entire nation is experiencing drought conditions, and this is absolutely devastating farmers and ranchers all over the country. Less than two weeks ago I wrote an article asking what would happen if these drought conditions persisted, and now we are finding out. The U.S. Department of Agriculture has created the largest natural disaster area in U.S. history. The USDA has declared 1,016 counties in 26 U.S. states to be disaster areas. The USDA declaration basically covered about half of the nation, and there is now no denying how horrible this drought really is. You can see a map of this disaster area right here. This endless drought is being compared to the nightmarish drought of 1988, and if it persists into August it could become perhaps the worst drought that America has ever seen. The USDA says that approximately 60 percent of all corn in the country is experiencing “moderate to extreme” drought conditions. If this drought does not end soon, the losses are going to be mind blowing. Already, it is estimated that farmers and ranchers have suffered billions of dollars in damage. How much worse can things get?
At the beginning of July many were hoping that we would soon see some rain and that we could still see a decent corn harvest.
Unfortunately, the drought has gotten even worse since that time. The following is from an article in the Chicago Tribune….
The whole of Iowa was classified as abnormally dry as of July 10 and 12.7 percent of the top corn and soybean producing state was in severe drought, up from 0.8 percent the prior week.
Harder-hit Illinois, the No. 2 corn and soy state, was 66.28 percent under severe drought or worse, up from 40 percent the previous week.
Severe to exceptional drought covered 80.15 percent of Indiana, versus 68.84 percent the prior week.
Conditions in Missouri also deteriorated, with 82.54 percent of the state in severe drought or worse, compared with 78.83 percent the week before.
That is not good news.
Posted below is the latest update from the U.S. drought monitor. As you can see, nearly the entire southern half of the country is extremely dry right now….
It is being projected that in some of the major corn growing areas as much as 60 percent of the crops could be lost.
Many farmers that had been desperately hoping for rain are now becoming resigned to the fact that their crops are not going to make it. The following is from an article in the New York Times….
“Corn is anywhere from knee-high to waist-high,” Gonzalee Martin, agriculture and natural resources educator with Purdue University’s Allen County extension office, told The News-Sentinel. “Much of it has already tassled with no ears at all. Much of it’s going to be completely lost”
When your livelihood depends on the weather, an endless drought can be extremely stressful. Many farmers that had been anticipating a bumper crop this year are now faced with an utter disaster. The following example comes from CNN….
Now, as punishing drought grips the Midwest, Villwock, 61, walks his hard-hit 4,000 acres in southwest Indiana in utter dismay.
Where there should have been tall, dark green, leafy plants, there now stand corn stalks that are waist high or, at best, chest high. They are pale in color and spindly. Fragile. Tired.
Pull back an ear’s husk and you find no kernels, he says. With temperatures rising above 95 degrees, the pollen starts to die.
“It’s emotionally draining,” he said. “The crop got out of the ground very well. We were so optimistic. But maybe a few of us were counting our eggs before they were hatched.”
So is there any hope that things are going to turn around?
Unfortunately, things do not look promising right now. It is being projected that the Corn Belt will experience extremely high temperatures and very low rainfall all the way through mid-August. The following report comes from accuweather.com….
AccuWeather.com agricultural meteorologists are concerned that new and frequent waves of near-100-degree temperatures and stingy rainfall will further stress crops over Iowa, Illinois and Nebraska into mid-August.
When temperatures are very high and rainfall is very low, evaporation happens very rapidly. As accuweather.com notes, when the ground becomes very, very dry it can create a vicious cycle that feeds on itself….
Evaporation rates are very high into the first part of August. Soaking rain on a regular basis instead of a brief downpour is needed to be of benefit beyond a couple of days.
Turning things around in the Midwest as a whole will be a difficult task as dry ground tends to bring higher daytime temperatures, which in turn raises evaporation rates and so on.
So what does all of this mean for the rest of us?
It is going to mean higher food prices.
On Friday, the price of corn hit $7.50 a bushel.
It had been thought that the price of corn would only be about $5.00 a bushel this year.
At this point, the price of corn is up 48 percent since mid-June, and it could go a whole lot higher.
Some analysts are projecting that if this endless drought persists, we could see ten dollars for a bushel of corn and 20 dollars for a bushel of soybeans.
And yes, you will notice this at the supermarket.
Since 75% of grocery store products use corn as a key ingredient, expect food prices to skyrocket. Corn is also a staple in many fast foods. Corn is in ethanol and the main food source or chickens. In addition to this, maize is in many things that aren’t obvious like adhesives, aluminum, aspirin, clothing starch, cosmetics, cough syrup, dry cell batteries, envelopes, fiberglass insulation, gelatin capsules, ink, insecticides, paint, penicillin, powders, rugs and carpets, stamps, talcum, toothpaste, wallpaper, and vitamins. That’s just for starters…
This is a huge heads up for you to purchase corn-using products NOW before these conditions reflect in grocery goods. It will be a narrow window of opportunity.
This endless drought is also a complete and total nightmare for ranchers.
At this point, approximately 50 percent of America’s pastures and ranges are in “poor” or “very poor” condition.
Back in June, that figure was only sitting at 28 percent.
So things have gotten a lot worse very quickly.
A lot of ranchers are selling off their cattle because this drought is making it very difficult to continue to feed them. The following is from examiner.com….
Rauhn Panting, with the University of Idaho, who works with ranchers and farmers, says, “We’re going to run out of grass. It’s going to be scary.” Ranchers are being advised to vacate grazing lands, weeks and even months before when they usually have to leave.
Left with only two choices, feed or sell, many are opting to sell their cattle. The Torrington Stock Market in Wyoming, has recorded that 36,000 cattle were sold in May and June of this year. The usual average for these months is 5,500. Small ranchers, with 30-50 cow/calf pairs, are being hit the hardest.
So expect higher meat prices in the fall and winter as well.
This all comes at a really bad time. We are already on the verge of a global financial catastrophe. Agriculture was supposed to be one of the few bright spots in the U.S. economy.
Sadly, the U.S. is not the only one having problems with crops this year.
For example, in Germany farmers are actually experiencing a full-blown plague of rats.
The following is from a recent Der Spiegel article….
Millions of field mice are overrunning the central German states of Thuringia and Saxony-Anhalt, much to the concern of local farmers. The rodents are devastating food crops, cutting yields by up to 50 percent. Getting birds of prey to hunt the critters didn’t help, and now farmers want to be allowed to use a banned rat poison.
So why is all of this happening?
Why is nature going crazy all of a sudden?
- The Largest Natural Disaster In U.S. History: The Endless Drought Of 2012 Will Bake America Well Into August
- USDA OKs field trials of Monsanto drought-resistant corn
- Russian drought could push up food prices
- The Corn Is Dying All Over America
- Is Japanese earthquake latest natural disaster caused by ‘supermoon’?
- The Bush Regime’s Imperial Affirmation: Endless War, Endless Conquest, Endless Repression
- Ahmadinejad says West to blame for drought in Iran
- ‘Al-Qaida’ targets Somalia drought victims with cash handouts
- Six Months to Go Until The Largest Tax Hikes in History
- Walmart Targeted by Largest Class Action in US History
- Gallup: Unemployment Went Up — Again — in August
- Will 2012 Be The Year That We See Mass Starvation In Africa?
- Foreign Troops Training To Confiscate Guns of Americans
- “Turn In Your Guns At Your Local Church”
- Pilots want more authority to carry guns
- Syrian forces ‘ordered to shoot to kill’
- Americans Buying Guns In Preparation For Civil Unrest
- Gates says no policing role for U.S. troops in Haiti
- ATF seizes guns in raid of Arizona home
- #OWS May Day Protests Met With National Guard Troops With Machine Guns
- Mexican business groups want U.N. troops
- Armed Troops Burn Down Homes, Kill Children To Evict Ugandans In Name Of Global Warming
- Ron Paul: 9/11 Was Caused By Government Banning Guns on Planes
- Chinese Troops Kill 140 in Xinjiang
Freedom From War
The United States Program for General
and Complete Disarmament in a Peaceful World
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE
DEPARTMENT OF STATE PUBLICATION 7277
Disarmament Series 5
Released September 1961
Office of Public Services
BUREAU OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government
Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C. – Price 15 cents
The revolutionary development of modern weapons within a world
divided by serious ideological differences has produced a crisis in
human history. In order to overcome the danger of nuclear war now
confronting mankind, the United States has introduced at the
Sixteenth General Assembly of the United Nations a Program for
General and Complete Disarmament in a Peaceful World.
This new program provides for the progressive reduction of the
war-making capabilities of nations and the simultaneous
strengthening of international institutions to settle disputes and
maintain the peace. It sets forth a series of comprehensive
measures which can and should be taken in order to bring about a
world in which there will be freedom from war and security for all
states. It is based on three principles deemed essential to the
achievement of practical progress in the disarmament field:
First, there must be immediate disarmament action:
A strenuous and uninterrupted effort must be made toward the goal
of general and complete disarmament; at the same time, it is
important that specific measures be put into effect as soon as
Second, all disarmament obligations must be subject to effective
The control organization must have the manpower, facilities, and
effectiveness to assure that limitations or reductions take place as
agreed. It must also be able to certify to all states that retained
forces and armaments do not exceed those permitted at any stage
of the disarmament process.
Third, adequate peace-keeping machinery must be established:
There is an inseparable relationship between the scaling down of
national armaments on the one hand and the building up of
international peace-keeping machinery and institutions on the
other. Nations are unlikely to shed their means of self-protection in
the absence of alternative ways to safeguard their legitimate
interests. This can only be achieved through the progressive
strengthening of international institutions under the United Nations
and by creating a United Nations Peace Force to enforce the peace
as the disarmament process proceeds.
There follows a summary of the principal provisions of the United
States Program for General and Complete Disarmament in a
Peaceful World. The full text of the program is contained in an
appendix to this pamphlet.
FREEDOM FROM WAR
THE UNITED STATES PROGRAM FOR GENERAL
AND COMPLETE DISARMAMENT IN A PEACEFUL WORLD
DISARMAMENT GOAL AND OBJECTIVES
The over-all goal of the United States is a free, secure, and
peaceful world of independent states adhering to common
standards of justice and international conduct and subjecting the
use of force to the rule of law; a world which has achieved general
and complete disarmament under effective international control;
and a world in which adjustment to change takes place in
accordance with the principles of the United Nations.
In order to make possible the achievement of that goal, the
program sets forth the following specific objectives toward which
nations should direct their efforts:
• The disbanding of all national armed forces and the prohibition of their
reestablishment in any form whatsoever other than those required to
preserve internal order and for contributions to a United Nations Peace
• The elimination from national arsenals of all armaments, including all
weapons of mass destruction and the means for their delivery, other than
those required for a United Nations Peace Force and for maintaining
• The institution of effective means for the enforcement of international
agreements, for the settlement of disputes, and for the maintenance of
peace in accordance with the principles of the United Nations;
• The establishment and effective operation of an International
Disarmament Organization within the framework of the United Nations to
insure compliance at all times with all disarmament obligations.
TASK OF NEGOTIATING STATES
The negotiating states are called upon to develop the program into
a detailed plan for general and complete disarmament and to
continue their efforts without interruption until the whole program
has been achieved. To this end, they are to seek the widest
possible area of agreement at the earliest possible date. At the
same time, and without prejudice to progress on the disarmament
program, they are to seek agreement on those immediate
measures that would contribute to the common security of nations
and that could facilitate and form part of the total program.
The program sets forth a series of general principles to guide the
negotiating states in their work. These make clear that:
• As states relinquish their arms, the United Nations must be progressively
strengthened in order to improve its capacity to assure international
security and the peaceful settlement of disputes;
• Disarmament must proceed as rapidly as possible, until it is completed, in
stages containing balanced, phased, and safeguarded measures;
• Each measure and stage should be carried out in an agreed period of
time, with transition from one stage to the next to take place as soon as all
measures in the preceding stage have been carried out and verified and
as soon as necessary arrangements for verification of the next stage have
• Inspection and verification must establish both that nations carry out
scheduled limitations or reductions and that they do not retain armed
forces and armaments in excess of those permitted at any stage of the
disarmament process; and
• Disarmament must take place in a manner that will not affect adversely
the security of any state.
The program provides for progressive disarmament steps to take
place in three stages and for the simultaneous strengthening of
The first stage contains measures which would significantly reduce
the capabilities of nations to wage aggressive war. Implementation
of this stage would mean that:
• The nuclear threat would be reduced:
All states would have adhered to a treaty effectively prohibiting the testing
of nuclear weapons.
The production of fissionable materials for use in weapons would be
stopped and quantities of such materials from past production would be
converted to non-weapons uses.
States owning nuclear weapons would not relinquish control of such
weapons to any nation not owning them and would not transmit to any
such nation information or material necessary for their manufacture.
States not owning nuclear weapons would not manufacture them or
attempt to obtain control of such weapons belonging to other states.
A Commission of Experts would be established to report on the feasibility
and means for the verified reduction and eventual elimination of nuclear
• Strategic delivery vehicles would be reduced:
Strategic nuclear weapons delivery vehicles of specified categories and
weapons designed to counter such vehicles would be reduced to agreed
levels by equitable and balanced steps; their production would be
discontinued or limited; their testing would be limited or halted.
• Arms and armed forces would be reduced:
The armed forces of the United States and the Soviet Union would be
limited to 2.1 million men each (with appropriate levels not exceeding that
amount for other militarily significant states); levels of armaments would
be correspondingly reduced and their production would be limited.
An Experts Commission would be established to examine and report on
the feasibility and means of accomplishing verifiable reduction and
eventual elimination of all chemical, biological and radiological weapons.
• Peaceful use of outer space would be promoted:
The placing in orbit or stationing in outer space of weapons capable of
producing mass destruction would be prohibited.
States would give advance notification of space vehicle and missile
• U.N. peace-keeping powers would be strengthened:
Measures would be taken to develop and strengthen United Nations
arrangements for arbitration, for the development of international law, and
for the establishment in Stage II of a permanent U.N. Peace Force.
• An International Disarmament Organization would be established for
effective verification of the disarmament program:
Its functions would be expanded progressively as disarmament proceeds.
It would certify to all states that agreed reductions have taken place and
that retained forces and armaments do not exceed permitted levels.
It would determine the transition from one stage to the next.
• States would be committed to other measures to reduce international
tension and to protect against the chance of war by accident,
miscalculation, or surprise attack:
States would be committed to refrain from the threat or use of any
type of armed force contrary to the principles of the U.N. Charter
and to refrain from indirect aggression and subversion against any
A U.N. peace observation group would be available to investigate
any situation which might constitute a threat to or breach of the
States would be committed to give advance notice of major military
movements which might cause alarm; observation posts would be
established to report on concentrations and movements of military
The second stage contains a series of measures which would bring
within sight a world in which there would be freedom from war.
Implementation of all measures in the second stage would mean:
• Further substantial reductions in the armed forces, armaments, and
military establishments of states, including strategic nuclear weapons
delivery vehicles and countering weapons;
• Further development of methods for the peaceful settlement of disputes
under the United Nations;
• Establishment of a permanent international peace force within the United
• Depending on the findings of an Experts Commission, a halt in the
production of chemical, bacteriological and radiological weapons and a
reduction of existing stocks or their conversion to peaceful uses;
• On the basis of the findings of an Experts Commission, a reduction of
stocks of nuclear weapons;
• The dismantling or the conversion to peaceful uses of certain military
bases and facilities wherever located; and
• The strengthening and enlargement of the International Disarmament
Organization to enable it to verify the steps taken in Stage II and to
determine the transition to Stage III.
During the third stage of the program, the states of the world,
building on the experience and confidence gained in successfully
implementing the measures of the first two stages, would take final
steps toward the goal of a world in which:
• States would retain only those forces, non-nuclear armaments, and
establishments required for the purpose of maintaining internal order; they
would also support and provide agreed manpower for a U.N. Peace Force.
• The U.N. Peace Force, equipped with agreed types and quantities of
armaments, would be fully functioning.
• The manufacture of armaments would be prohibited except for those of
agreed types and quantities to be used by the U.N. Peace Force and
those required to maintain internal order. All other armaments would be
destroyed or converted to peaceful purposes.
• The peace-keeping capabilities of the United Nations would be sufficiently
strong and the obligations of all states under such arrangements
sufficiently far-reaching as to assure peace and the just settlement of
differences in a disarmed world.
DECLARATION ON DISARMAMENT
THE UNITED STATES PROGRAM FOR GENERAL
AND COMPLETE DISARMAMENT IN A PEACEFUL WORLD
The Nations of the world,
Conscious of the crisis in human history produced by the revolutionary
development of modern weapons within a world divided by serious ideological
Determined to save present and succeeding generations from the scourge of war
and the dangers and burdens of the arms race and to create conditions in which
all peoples can strive freely and peacefully to fulfill their basic aspirations;
Declare their goal to be: A free, secure, and peaceful world of independent states
adhering to common standards of justice and international conduct and
subjecting the use of force to the rule of law; a world where adjustment to change
takes place in accordance with the principles of the United Nations; a world
where there shall be a permanent state of general and complete disarmament
under effective international control and where the resources of nations shall be
devoted to man’s material, cultural, and spiritual advance;
Set forth as the objectives of a program of general and complete disarmament in
a peaceful world:
(a) The disbanding of all national armed forces and the prohibition
of their reestablishment in any form whatsoever other than those
required to preserve internal order and for contributions to a United
Nations Peace Force;
(b) The elimination from national arsenals of all armaments,
including all weapons of mass destruction and the means for their
delivery, other than those required for a United Nations Peace
Force and for maintaining internal order;
(c) The establishment and effective operation of an International
Disarmament Organization within the framework of the United
Nations to ensure compliance at all times with all disarmament
(d) The institution of effective means for the enforcement of
international agreements, for the settlement of disputes, and for the
maintenance of peace in accordance with the principles of the
Call on the negotiating states:
(a) To develop the outline program set forth below into an agreed
plan for general and complete disarmament and to continue their
efforts without interruption until the whole program has been
(b) To this end to seek to attain the widest possible area of
agreement at the earliest possible date;
(c) Also to seek — without prejudice to progress on the
disarmament program — agreement on those immediate measures
that would contribute to the common security of nations and that
could facilitate and form a part of that program.
Affirm that disarmament negotiations should be guided by the following
(a) Disarmament shall take place as rapidly as possible until it is
completed in stages containing balanced, phased and safeguarded
measures, with each measure and stage to be carried out in an
agreed period of time.
(b) Compliance with all disarmament obligations shall be effectively
verified from their entry into force. Verification arrangements shall
be instituted progressively and in such a manner as to verify not
only that agreed limitations or reductions take place but also that
retained armed forces and armaments do not exceed agreed levels
at any stage.
(c) Disarmament shall take place in a manner that will not affect
adversely the security of any state, whether or not a party to an
international agreement or treaty.
(d) As states relinquish their arms, the United Nations shall be
progressively strengthened in order to improve its capacity to
assure international security and the peaceful settlement of
differences as well as to facilitate the development of international
cooperation in common tasks for the benefit of mankind.
(e) Transition from one stage of disarmament to the next shall take
place as soon as all the measures in the preceding stage have
been carried out and effective verification is continuing and as soon
as the arrangements that have been agreed to be necessary for the
next stage have been instituted.
Agree upon the following outline program for achieving general and complete
A. To Establish an International Disarmament Organization:
(a) An International Disarmament Organization (IDO) shall be
established within the framework of the United Nations upon entry
into force of the agreement. Its functions shall be expanded
progressively as required for the effective verification of the
(b) The IDO shall have: (1) a General Conference of all the parties;
(2) a Commission consisting of representatives of all the major
powers as permanent members and certain other states on a
rotating basis; and (3) an Administrator who will administer the
Organization subject to the direction of the Commission and who
will have the authority, staff, and finances adequate to assure
effective impartial implementation of the functions of the
(c) The IDO shall: (1) ensure compliance with the obligations
undertaken by verifying the execution of measures agreed upon;
(2) assist the states in developing the details of agreed further
verification and disarmament measures; (3) provide for the
establishment of such bodies as may be necessary for working out
the details of further measures provided for in the program and for
such other expert study groups as may be required to give
continuous study to the problems of disarmament; (4) receive
reports on the progress of disarmament and verification
arrangements and determine the transition from one stage to the
B. To Reduce Armed Forces and Armaments:
(a) Force levels shall be limited to 2.1 million each for the U.S. and
U.S.S.R. and to appropriate levels not exceeding 2.1 million each
for all other militarily significant states. Reductions to the agreed
levels will proceed by equitable, proportionate, and verified steps.
(b) Levels of armaments of prescribed types shall be reduced by
equitable and balanced steps. The reductions shall be
accomplished by transfers of armaments to depots supervised by
the IDO. When, at specified periods during the Stage I reduction
process, the states party to the agreement have agreed that the
armaments and armed forces are at prescribed levels, the
armaments in depots shall be destroyed or converted to peaceful
(c) The production of agreed types of armaments shall be limited.
(d) A Chemical, Biological, Radiological (CBR) Experts Commission
shall be established within the IDO for the purpose of examining
and reporting on the feasibility and means for accomplishing the
verifiable reduction and eventual elimination of CBR weapons
stockpiles and the halting of their production.
C. To Contain and Reduce the Nuclear Threat:
(a) States that have not acceded to a treaty effectively prohibiting
the testing of nuclear weapons shall do so.
(b) The production of fissionable materials for use in weapons shall
(c) Upon the cessation of production of fissionable materials for use
in weapons, agreed initial quantities of fissionable materials from
past production shall be transferred to non-weapons purposes.
(d) Any fissionable materials transferred between countries for
peaceful uses of nuclear energy shall be subject to appropriate
safeguards to be developed in agreement with the IAEA.
(e) States owning nuclear weapons shall not relinquish control of
such weapons to any nation not owning them and shall not transmit
to any such nation information or material necessary for their
manufacture. States not owning nuclear weapons shall not
manufacture such weapons, attempt to obtain control of such
weapons belonging to other states, or seek or receive information
or materials necessary for their manufacture.
(f) A Nuclear Experts Commission consisting of representatives of
the nuclear states shall be established within the IDO for the
purpose of examining and reporting on the feasibility and means for
accomplishing the verified reduction and eventual elimination of
nuclear weapons stockpiles.
D. To Reduce Strategic Nuclear Weapons Delivery Vehicles:
(a) Strategic nuclear weapons delivery vehicles in specified
categories and agreed types of weapons designed to counter such
vehicles shall be reduced to agreed levels by equitable and
balanced steps. The reduction shall be accomplished in each step
by transfers to depots supervised by the IDO of vehicles that are in
excess of levels agreed upon for each step. At specified periods
during the Stage I reduction process, the vehicles that have been
placed under supervision of the IDO shall be destroyed or
converted to peaceful uses.
(b) Production of agreed categories of strategic nuclear weapons
delivery vehicles and agreed types of weapons designed to counter
such vehicles shall be discontinued or limited.
(c) Testing of agreed categories of strategic nuclear weapons
delivery vehicles and agreed types of weapons designed to counter
such vehicles shall be limited or halted.
E. To Promote the Peaceful Use of Outer Space:
(a) The placing into orbit or stationing in outer space of weapons
capable c,f producing mass destruction shall be prohibited.
(b) States shall give advance notification to participating states and
to the IDO of launchings of space vehicles and missiles, together
with the track of the vehicle.
F. To Reduce the Risks of War by Accident, Miscalculation, and Surprise
(a) States shall give advance notification to the participating states
and to the IDO of major military movements and maneuvers, on a
scale as may be agreed, which might give rise to misinterpretation
or cause alarm and induce countermeasures. The notification shall
include the geographic areas to be used and the nature, scale and
time span of the event.
(b) There shall be established observation posts at such locations
as major ports, railway centers, motor highways, and air bases to
report on concentrations and movements of military forces.
(c) There shall also be established such additional inspection
arrangements to reduce the danger of surprise attack as may be
(d) An international commission shall be established immediately
within the IDO to examine and make recommendations on the
possibility of further measures to reduce the risks of nuclear war by
accident, miscalculation, or failure of communication.
G. To Keep the Peace:
(a) States shall reaffirm their obligations under the U.N. Charter to
refrain from the threat or use of any type of armed force–including
nuclear, conventional, or CBR–contrary to the principles of the U.N.
(b) States shall agree to refrain from indirect aggression and
subversion against any country.
(c) States shall use all appropriate processes for the peaceful
settlement of disputes and shall seek within the United Nations
further arrangements for the peaceful settlement of international
disputes and for the codification and progressive development of
(d) States shall develop arrangements in Stage I for the
establishment in Stage II of a U.N. Peace Force.
(e) A U.N. peace observation group shall be staffed with a standing
cadre of observers who could be dispatched to investigate any
situation which might constitute a threat to or breach of the peace.
A. International Disarmament Organization:
The powers and responsibilities of the IDO shall be progressively
enlarged in order to give it the capabilities to verify the measures
undertaken in Stage II.
B. To Further Reduce Armed Forces and Armaments:
(a) Levels of forces for the U.S., U.S.S.R., and other militarily
significant states shall be further reduced by substantial amounts to
agreed levels in equitable and balanced steps.
(b) Levels of armaments of prescribed types shall be further
reduced by equitable and balanced steps. The reduction shall be
accomplished by transfers of armaments to depots supervised by
the IDO. When, at specified periods during the Stage II reduction
process, the parties have agreed that the armaments and armed
forces are at prescribed levels, the armaments in depots shall be
destroyed or converted to peaceful uses.
(c) There shall be further agreed restrictions on the production of
(d) Agreed military bases and facilities wherever they are located
shall be dismantled or converted to peaceful uses.
(e) Depending upon the findings of the Experts Commission on
CBR weapons, the production of CBR weapons shall be halted,
existing stocks progressively reduced, and the resulting excess
quantities destroyed or converted to peaceful uses.
C. To Further Reduce the Nuclear Threat:
Stocks of nuclear weapons shall be progressively reduced to the
minimum levels which can be agreed upon as a result of the
findings of the Nuclear Experts Commission; the resulting excess of
fissionable material shall be transferred to peaceful purposes.
D. To Further Reduce Strategic Nuclear Weapons Delivery Vehicles:
Further reductions in the stocks of strategic nuclear weapons
delivery vehicles and agreed types of weapons designed to counter
such vehicles shall be carried out in accordance with the procedure
outlined in Stage I.
E. To Keep the Peace:
During Stage II, states shall develop further the peace-keeping
processes of the United Nations, to the end that the United Nations
can effectively in Stage III deter or suppress any threat or use of
force in violation of the purposes and principles of the United
(a) States shall agree upon strengthening the structure, authority,
and operation of the United Nations so as to assure that the United
Nations will be able effectively to protect states against threats to or
breaches of the peace.
(b) The U.N. Peace Force shall be established and progressively
(c) States shall also agree upon further improvements and
developments in rules of international conduct and in processes for
peaceful settlement of disputes and differences.
By the time Stage II has been completed, the confidence produced through a
verified disarmament program, the acceptance of rules of peaceful international
behavior, and the development of strengthened international peace-keeping
processes within the framework of the U.N. should have reached a point where
the states of the world can move forward to Stage III. In Stage III progressive
controlled disarmament and continuously developing principles and procedures
of international law would proceed to a point where no state would have the
military power to challenge the progressively strengthened U.N. Peace Force and
all international disputes would be settled according to the agreed principles of
The progressive steps to be taken during the final phase of the disarmament
program would be directed toward the attainment of a world in which:
(a) States would retain only those forces, non-nuclear armaments,
and establishments required for the purpose of maintaining internal
order; they would also support and provide agreed manpower for a
U.N Peace Force.
(b) The U.N. Peace Force, equipped with agreed types and
quantities of armaments, would be fully functioning.
(c) The manufacture of armaments would be prohibited except for
those of agreed types and quantities to be used by the U.N. Peace
Force and those required to maintain internal order. All other
armaments would be destroyed or converted to peaceful purposes.
(d) The peace-keeping capabilities of the United Nations would be
sufficiently strong and the obligations of all states under such
arrangements sufficiently far-reaching as to assure peace and the
just settlement of differences in a disarmed world.
U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1961 O 609147